Caduta del fascismo, 25 luglio 1943 (Fall of Fascism, July 25 1943)
The awful events, the continuous defeats in every theater of the war, the lack of resources and the unprepared to a modern war Italian headquarters had left the Country to a disastrous and unbearable situation of Italy in 1943,
The Gran Consiglio del Fascismo (Grand Council of Fascism) was a body created by Benito Mussolini himself, to rule the Fascist Party and Italy. It was called by Mussolini to decide about the actions to be taken in the continuation of the war (World War Two), after the Allied invasion of Sicily.
On the night between 24th and 25th July 1943, the majority of the Grand Council voted an order of the day that gave the command of the Italian Armed Forces back to the King of Italy and so, in practice, it removed Mussolini from the government.
The same day Mussolini went to the King’s residence to resign; at the end of the audience Mussolini was arrested without any formal charge. The war went on with another Prime Minister, Pietro Badoglio, until the following 8th of September, when Italy signed an armistice with Allies. The events from July 25 to September 8 1943 are the main reasons of the notoriety of Italy as a cowards’ nation and low reliable country.