Italian Landscapes - Paesaggi d'Italia

"Tre cose desidero vedere innanzi alla mia morte, ma dubito, ancora che io vivessi molto, non ne vedere alcuna: uno vivere di republica bene ordinata nella città nostra, Italia liberata da tutti e’ barbari e liberato el mondo dalla tirannide di questi scelerati preti."

Francesco Guicciardini, Ricordi, 1512/30
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Cavallo+cavaliere+caseggiato (Horse+Horseman+Flats Block

  • Autore / Artist: Umberto Boccioni, (1882 – 1916)
  • Data dell’opera / Date of the work: 1913-1914
  • Tipo dell’opera / Type of the work: olio su tela / Oil on Canvas
  • Collocazione / Location: Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Roma (National Gallery of Modern and Contemporary Art, Rome), Lazio, Italy
  • Stile / Style: futurismo / Futurism
  • Misure / Sizes: 105×135 cm (41.39×53.15 in)

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Pontboset, ponte sull’Ayasse (Bridge over the Ayasse Creek), Valle d’Aosta, Vallée d’Aoste, Italy

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Ponte di Magliano (Magliano Bridge), Campania, Italy (XIV sec. - 14th C AC)

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Cala Sapone, Isola di Sant’Antioco, Sardegna (Soap Bay, St. Antioco Island, Sardinia), Italy

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Cala lunga, Isola di Sant’Antioco, Sardegna (Long Bay, St. Antioco Island, Sardinia), Italy

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Ca’ Marcello, Levada di Piombino Dese, Veneto, Italy (XVI-XVII sec. - 16th-17th C AC)

The villa was the headquarters of the British Expeditionary Forces in Italy during the World War One (1914-1918).

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Giorgio Perlasca (Como Jan. 31 1910 - Padua Aug. 15 1992)

Some stories have to be told, some men have to be remembered.

Today is the anniversary of Giorgio Perlasca's death.

Giorgio Perlasca was in his younger days a Fascist. He fought as a volunteer in the Ethiopian campaign (1935/1936), the Italian occupation of the African country, and later in the Spanish civil war on Francisco Franco’s side, a Fascist dictator that ruled that country from 1939 until his death in 1975.

During the World War Two he worked for the Italian Army in Hungary, to supply meat for it. After the Italian armistice with Allies on September 8 1943, he chose to stay with the Royal loyalist government of Southern Italy and not follow the new Mussolini’s Social Republic of Northern Italy, still allied with Nazis.

He was therefore arrested and interned with other diplomats of German’s enemy Countries.

He succeded in escaping and refuging in the Spanish Consulate (the Spain was neutral in the Second World War), where he got advantages of his past as a veteran of the recent Spanish civil war.

He didn’t agree with the persecution against Jews, so he tried to help the local Jewish people and tried to save them from the deportation in concentration camps.

So he helped the Spanish consul and other diplomats of neutral countries in smuggling Jews out of Hungary, with documents that put them under the protection of these states, and granted shelter them in “secure houses”, protected by the extraterritoriality of these Embassies.

At the end of 1944 the Spanish consul was reassigned to Switzerland and the diplomatic seat remained empty. Then Perlasca pretended to be the new Spanish consul and forged thousands of documents to help Hungarian jews.

About 5,000 people are estimated to be saved by Giorgio Perlasca.

After the war he tried to tell his adventures, but not even his family believed him. So he went on with his life like nothing happened, until 1987, when a group of Hungarian Jews, that he saved, found him after many researches.

Therefore, he received decorations by Italian, Hungarian and Spanish governments and is considered by the State of Israel as one of the Righteous Among the Nations.

He died in 1992 for a heart attack.

In my opinion, a hero is a person who makes exceptional things in exceptional moments, only because he feels that’s a moral duty, beyond the main common feelings of his time. In this sense, Giorgio Perlasca has been one of the best heroes of our times.

Sauris (Zahre), Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

Sauris is a lingual island: the people there speak a sort of German language, Saurano, that is an archaic sort of Germanic dialect. Anyway they also speak Italian and the Friulian, a language-dialect spoken in the Friuli region, whom Sauris belongs to.

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Rotondella, Basilicata, Italy

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Combattimenti tra gladiatori e belve (Gladiators and Animals Combats)

  • Data dell’opera / Date of the work: IV sec. d.C. - 4th C AC
  • Tipo dell’opera / Type of the work: mosaico / Mosaic
  • Collocazione / Location: Villa Borghese, Roma (Rome), Lazio, Italy
  • Stile / Style: romano / Roman
  • Provenienza / Origin: Torrenova along the Via Casilina

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Hey, thanks for following me. I really appreciate it. :)
italian-landscapes italian-landscapes Said:

…and I appreciate very much your appreciation. I feel very appreciated ;->

Bergeggi, Liguria, Italy

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Langhirano, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Langhirano is well-known for its raw ham.

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Rio dei Scòacamini (spazzacamini), Venezia (Chimney Sweeps Canal, Venice), Veneto, Italy

The Canal owes its name because most of Venetian Sweeps lived along the Rio in the ancient times.

Most of the names of Venetian alleys, bridges, canals, squares, etc.are in local dialect.

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Eccidio di (Massacre of) Sant’Anna di Stazzema, Tuscany, Italy (Aug. 12 1944)

Today is the 70th anniversary of the St. Anna di Stazzema massacre.

The Allied advance from Southern to Northern Italy was blocked by the Nazis’ Gothic Line in the Italian front in 1944/1945, during the World War Two.

The Line followed the Apennine mountains from the Thyrrhenian to the Adriatic Seas; some Italian partisan forces fought behind the German front and made trouble for the supplies to the frontline. The 16. SS-Panzergrenadier-Division “Reichsführer SS” was ordered to solve the partisan troubles. Not finding  any partisan (they seem to have already abandoned the area), the Nazis surrounded the little mountain village and the near hamlets and farms. All the area was full of refugees, that tried to escape the Allied bombings of the near cities. All the able-bodied men took shelter in the woods, to escape the deportation in German lagers or the slave-labour in Italy. Nazis and some Italian Fascist collaborators gathered kids, women and old men in several buildings and killed about 560 of them.

The Italians were considered traitors by Nazis, because of they have abandoned them after their armistice with Allies on Sept. 8 1943.

The commander of the SS Division, General Max Simon, was sentenced to death by a British court after the war for another slaughter, that took place in Marzabotto, some months later; the sentence was later changed to life imprisonment. Simon was pardoned in 1954 and released from prison and died free in 1961.

Most of the evidences of the slaughter were hidden after the war by some not-identified , to avoid involving Germany, now allied against USSR in the “Cold War” and they were rediscovered only in 1994.

Other massacres went before and after the Sant’Anna one.

Apart from the divisional commander Max Simon,no one was prosecuted for this massacre until July 2004, when a trial against ten former Waffen-SS officers and NCOs living in Germany was held before a military court in La Spezia, Italy. On 22 June 2005, the court found the accused guilty of participation in the killings and sentenced them in absentia to life imprisonment. Werner Bruss (b. 1920, former SS-Unterscharführer), Alfred Concina (b. 1919, former SS-Unterscharführer), Ludwig Goering (b. 1923, former SS-Rottenführer who confessed to killing twenty women),Karl Gropler (b. 1923, former SS-Unterscharführer), Georg Rauch (b. 1921, former SS-Untersturmführer), Horst Richter (b. 1921, former SS-Unterscharführer), Alfred Schoneberg (b. 1921, former SS-Unterscharführer), Heinrich Schendel (b. 1922, former SS-Unterscharführer), Gerhard Sommer, (b. 1921, former SS-Untersturmführer), and Ludwig Heinrich Sonntag (b. 1924, former SS-Unterscharführer). However, extradition requests from Italy were rejected by Germany.

In 2012, German prosecutors shelved their investigation of 17 unnamed former SS soldiers (eight of whom were still alive) who were part of the unit involved in the massacre because of a lack of evidence.The statement said: “Belonging to a Waffen-SS unit that was deployed to Sant’Anna di Stazzema cannot replace the need to prove individual guilt. Rather, for every defendant it must be proven that he took part in the massacre, and in which form.”The mayor of the village, Michele Silicani (a survivor who was 10 when the raid occurred), called the verdict “a scandal” and said he would urge Italy’s justice minister to lobby Germany to reopen the case.German Deputy Foreign Minister Michael Georg Link commented that “while respecting the independence of the German justice system,” it was not possible “to ignore that such a decision causes deep dismay and renewed suffering to Italians, not just survivors and relatives of the victims.” (Source Wikipedia)

Spike Lee’s “Miracle at St. Anna” (2008) is a fictional adaptation of the massacre

It’s worth to remember some of the victims and their age (of course bloodthirsty partisans):

  • Anna Pardini, 20 days old
  • Maria Tucci, 3 months old
  • Maria Bonuccelli, 1 year old
  • Maria Cappiello, 1 year old
  • Ivana Federigi, 1 year old
  • Claudio Gamba, 1 year old
  • Maria Ghilardini, 1 year old
  • Norma Mancini, 1 year old
  • Mirta Federigi, 2 years old
  • Piero Lencioni, 2 years old

Sometime I wonder what does the SS’s motto mean: “Meine Ehre heißt Treue" (My Honor is Loyalty) and to be honest with you I’m still trying to figure out the meaning of the word “Honor” after at least all the things that happened there.

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